Friday, November 30, 2007
4′33″ (Four minutes, thirty-three seconds) is a musical composition by American avant-garde composer John Cage (1912–1992). It was composed in 1952 for any instrument (or combination of instruments), and the score instructs the performer to not play the instrument during the entire duration of the piece. Although commonly perceived as "four minutes thirty-three seconds of silence",the piece actually consists of the sounds of the environment that the listeners hear while it is performed.Over the years, 4′33″ became Cage's most famous and most controversial composition.
Conceived in 1948, while Cage was working on Sonatas and Interludes,4′33″ was for Cage the epitome of aleatoric music and of his idea that any sounds constitute, or may constitute, music.It was also a reflection of the influence of Zen Buddhism, which Cage studied since the late 1940s. In a 1982 interview, and on numerous other occasions, Cage has stated that 4′33″ is, in his opinion, his most important work.
Saturday, November 24, 2007
Thursday, November 22, 2007
Condition One level weather in Antarctica. Filmed at McMurdo Station, where it is relatively sheltered by the surrounding hills. The weather in Antarctica is classified as being Condition 3 (nice weather), Condition 2 (not so nice), or Condition 1...
Sunday, November 18, 2007
The Sunday Times November 18, 2007
SCIENTISTS leading global research into climate change have set out a stark vision of how the world will change if humanity fails to tackle surging greenhouse gas emissions.
A report issued yesterday by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) described how a warming world would threaten billions of people with thirst and malnutrition, endanger more than half of wildlife species with extinction and initiate a melting of the Greenland ice cap that could raise global sea levels by more than 22ft.
Such warnings have been heard before but never with so much scientific certainty. The IPCC’s report was based on 29,000 observations taken around the world and published in more than 500 peer-reviewed scientific papers.
Yesterday, Ban Ki-moon, the UN secretary-general, who unveiled the report in Valencia, Spain, said: “All humanity must now assume responsibility for climate change.”
Ban has just been on a trip to Antarctica and South America, where he saw melting glaciers and ice-shelves. He said: “I come to you humbled after seeing some of the most precious treasures of our planet threatened by humanity’s own hand
Monday, November 12, 2007
Saturday, November 10, 2007
Two decades after Agricola’s legions routed the Britons at Mons Graupins, it was the Romans who were sent packing from their fort at Vindolanda. This program uses outstanding reenactments of period combat and archaeological treasures from the dig at the fort to re-create garrison life along Rome’s northern frontier. And the greatest treasure of all? Letters, lists, and notes written on wooden tablets, preserved in the ground for 2,000 years, that tell the story of the men who lived and died near the future site of Hadrian’s Wall—in their own words. Topics range from weapons and tactics to post-battle surgery, from punishments to the pleasures of the bathhouse.
Wednesday, November 07, 2007
Fritz Lang's 'M' has been called many things: 'frightfully good', 'the predecessor to all serial killer thrillers like Psycho and The Silence Of The Lambs', 'one of the defining movies of European pre-WWII cinema' and much more. 'M' premiered May 11th 1931 in the Ufa-Palast am Zoo in Berlin to the standing ovations of an enthusiastic audience. Cyberroach